The Castle of Diósgyőr
The Castle of Diósgyőr, one of Hungary’s prominent historic monuments, is situated at the foot of the Bükk Mountains surrounded by a beautiful natural environment. The castle’s tall ruins stand on a stony hill rising from the valley of Szinva Stream. In the 12th century, the Castle became a royal possession and it served both as royal seat – in addition to Buda, Visegrád, and Zólyom – and as a betrothal gift to future queens. In 1364, a large piece of land was added to the Diósgyőr estate by King Louis the Great, who later turned the fortress into a magnificent Gothic royal castle. It saw its golden age after Louis I (I. Lajos) took the throne of Poland. The castle was surrounded by multiple complex rings of defense built around the rectangular courtyard with a peaked tower at each corner. Halls on the ground level served as storage rooms, while those of the upper floors were suites and a knight’s hall 13 by 25 meters in size. The construction of the latter was only completed during the reign of Louis’ daughter, Mary (Mária) who was the owner of the castle at that time.
The irregular outer wall fortified with double towers resembled those of a Roman castrum. The castle was surrounded by a four-meter-deep moat sustained by hot water springs. Its entrance on the North could be accessed across a wooden bridge supported by stone piers. The castle’s only known master builder is Master Ambrus.